Child Abuse

Child abuse takes many forms, physical, emotional, verbal, sexual, neglect, exploitation, and more. When we speak of child abuse, we normally first think of physical abuse, but the shocking truth is neglect is the number one form of child abuse in America. More children end up in foster care or die from neglect every year, than any other form of childhood maltreatment.

NATIONAL CHILD ABUSE STATISTICS
• 4.1 million Child maltreatment referral reports received.
• Child abuse reports involved 7.5 million children.
• 3.2 million Children received prevention & post-response services.
• 142,301 children received foster care services.
• 74.9% of victims are neglected.
• 18.3% of victims are physically abused.
• 8.6% of victims are sexually abused.
• 7.1% of victims are psychologically maltreated.
• Highest rate of child abuse in children under age one (25.3% per 1,000).
• Annual estimate: 1,720 children died from abuse and neglect in 2017.
• Almost five children die every day from child abuse.
• Seventy-two (71.8%) percent of all child, fatalities were younger than 3 years old.
• 80.1% of a child, fatalities involve at least one parent.
• Of the children who died, 75.4% suffered neglect.
• Of the children who died, 41.6% suffered physical abuse either exclusively or in combination with another maltreatment type.
• 49.6% of children who die from child abuse are under one year.
• Boys had a higher child fatality rate than girls (2.68 boys & 2.02 girls per 100,000)
• Almost 65,000 children are sexually abused.
• More than 90% of juvenile sexual abuse victims know their perpetrator.
• Estimated that between 50-60% of maltreatment fatalities are not recorded on death certificates.
• Child abuse crosses all socioeconomic and educational levels, religions, ethnic and cultural groups.

Who abused and neglected children?
• 83.4% (More than four-fifths) of perpetrators were between the ages of 18 and 44 years.
• 54.1% (More than one-half) of perpetrators were women, 45.0 % of perpetrators were men, and .09 % were of unknown sex.

RISK FACTORS
• Abused children are 25% more likely to experience teen pregnancy. Abused teens are more likely to engage in sexual risk-taking behaviors, putting them at greater risk for STDs
• About 30% of abused and neglected children will later abuse their own children, continuing the horrible cycle of abuse.
• In at least one study, about 80% of 21-year-olds that were abused as children met criteria for at least one psychological disorder. The financial cost of child abuse and neglect in the United States is estimated at $585 billion.
• Childhood experience